Labor laws mediate the relationship between workers, employers, trade unions, and the government to clarify each group’s rights and responsibilities. In the U.S., labor laws cover topics such as:
- Termination of employment
- Discrimination, harassment, and retaliation
- Employee compensation
- Reporting workplace safety violations
- The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) for workers and employers
- Wage laws
- Workplace laws
Why are labor laws important?
Labor laws set the standard for national minimum wages, paternity/maternity/parental leaves, other types of paid leaves, work-life balance, workplace safety, and diversity, equality, and inclusion. Labor laws ensure employers follow certain standards that provide workers with fair, safe working conditions
How do labor laws affect employers?
In most countries, labor laws govern the legal relationship between employers and employees (part-time and full-time), starting from hiring and going all the way through basic operations. This includes: job descriptions, compensation and benefits, promotions and evaluations, terminations, and more.
What are the basic labor laws in the U.S.?
All employees have the right not to be harassed or discriminated against due to race, color, religion, sex (which includes pregnancy, sexual orientation, or gender identity), national origin, disability, age, or genetic information (including family medical history). In addition, all employees must receive equal pay for equal work.