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United States – Alabama 2022
Day Date Holiday Notes
Saturday Jan-1 New Year's Day In most States, the company can decide if to give off Public Holidays and usually holidays falling on a Saturday are moved to the Friday before.
Monday Jan-17 Robert E. Lee/Martin Luther King Jr. Birthday
Monday Feb-21 President's Day
Tuesday Mar-1 Mardi Gras Day Baldwin & Mobile Counties Only
Monday Apr-25 Confederate Memorial Day
Monday May-30 Memorial Day
Monday Jun-6 Jefferson Davis' Birthday
Monday Jul-4 Independence Day
Monday Sep-5 Labor Day
Monday Oct-10 Columbus Day/Fraternal Day/American Indian Heritage Day
Friday Nov-11 Veterans Day
Thursday Nov-24 Thanksgiving
Sunday Dec-25 Christmas Holiday In most States, the company can decide if to give off Public Holidays and usually holidays falling on a Sunday are moved to the following Monday
Monday Dec-26 Christmas Day
Countrypedia

United States – Alabama
Payroll and Benefits Guide

Last updated: Feb 03, 2022
Currency
United States Dollar (USD)
Payroll Frequency
Monthly
Employer Taxes
11.60% - 23.15%

Papaya Offers Complete Payroll, PEO and Contractor Management Services For United States – Alabama

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Overview

Capital
Montgomery
Currency
United States Dollar (USD)
Date Format
mm/dd/yyyy
Fiscal Year
1 January- 31 December
Public holidays calendar

Contributions

Employer

Employer Payroll Contributions

0.65%- 6.80% (Maximum taxable wages is 8,000.00 USD)

Unemployment (State)

2.70% (Maximum taxable wages is 8,000.00 USD)

Unemployment- New Employer (State)

6.20%  (Maximum liability 9,114.00 USD, wage limit 147,000.00 USD)

FICA Social Security (Federal)

1.45% 

FICA Medicare (Federal)

0.60% - 6.00%   (Maximum taxable wages is 7,000 USD)

FUTA Unemployment (Federal) The FUTA tax rate is 6.0% with a taxable wage base of 7,000 USD. However, if states operate their unemployment insurance programs in compliance with federal law, then the FUTA tax is reduced (credit) by 5.4% to 0.6%.

11.60% - 23.15% Total Employment Cost

Employee

Employee Payroll Contributions

6.20%  (Maximum liability 9,114.00 USD, wage limit 147,000.00 USD)

FICA Social Security (Federal)

1.45% 

FICA Medicare (Federal)

0.90%

(Additional tax on earnings over 200,000 USD) (High-income earners also pay an additional 0.9 percent in Medicare taxes)

7.65% - 8.55% Total Employee Cost

Employee Income Tax

State Income Tax – Single Filers

2.00%

Up to 500.00 USD

4.00%

500.00 USD – 3,000.00 USD

5.00%

3,000.00 USD and over

State Income Tax – Married Couple Joint Filing

2.00%

Up to 1,000.00 USD

4.00%

1,000.00 USD – 6,000.00 USD

5.00%

6,000.00 USD and over

Standard Deduction and Personal Exemption

Single

2,500.00 USD

Couple/Married Filing Jointly

7,500.00 USD

Personal exemption
Single

1,500.00 USD

Couple /Married Filing Jointly

3,000.00 USD

Dependent

1,000.00 USD

Federal Employee Income Tax

Federal Tax – Singles

10.00%

Up to 10,275 USD

12.00%

10,276 USD to 41,775 USD

22.00%

41,776 USD to 89.075 USD

24.00%

89,076 USD to 170,050 USD

32.00%

170,051 USD to 215,950 USD

35.00%

215,951 USD to 539,900 USD

37.00%

539,901 USD or more

Federal Tax – Married, filing jointly

10.00%

Up to 20,550 USD

12.00%

20,551 USD to 83,550 USD

22.00%

83,551 USD to 178,150 USD

24.00%

178,151 USD to 340,100 USD

32.00%

340,101 USD to 431,900 USD

35.00%

431,901 USD to 647,850 USD

37.00%

647,851 USD or more

Federal Tax – Heads of Households

10.00%

Up to 14,650 USD

12.00%

14,651 USD to 55,900 USD

22.00%

55,901 USD to 89,050 USD

24.00%

89,051 USD to 170,050 USD

32.00%

170,051 USD to 215,950 USD

35.00%

215,951 USD to 539,900 USD

37.00%

539,901 USD or more

Standard Deduction and Personal Exemption

12,950.00 USD

Single

25,900.00 USD

Married Filing Jointly

19,400.00 USD

Head of Household

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

Employees are generally paid monthly or semi-monthly.

13th Salary

There are no provisions in the law regarding 13th salaries.

Working Hours

General

In Alabama, the workweek is a maximum of 40 hours per week or 8 hours per day.

Overtime

Alabama  adheres to the Fair Labour Standards Act (FLSA), and work in excess of 40 hours per week is considered overtime and paid at the rate of 150% of the regular pay. If employees are scheduled to work on weekends or rest days, no additional payment is required. However, should an employer request an employee to work in exceptional circumstances on these days, then overtime is paid at the rate of 150% of the regular pay.

Working Week

Monday-Friday

Leave

Paid Time Off

Alabama does not have any state laws that govern paid time off. However, it is common for employers to decide whether to offer paid or unpaid vacation leave.  This must comply with employment law and must be stipulated in the collective bargaining agreements.

Public Holidays

There are 12 public holidays in Alabama

Sick Days

Alabama does not have any state statute governing the amount and payment of absences. However, it is common for employers to offer paid or unpaid coverage to their employees, which must comply with employment law and stipulated in the collective bargaining agreements.

It is common for an employer to follow the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) which provides certain employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave per year for certain family and medical reasons (maternity leave, serious illnesses, or if the employee needs to care for a spouse or child).

In addition, in Oklahoma, employers must provide one hour of paid sick leave for every 30 hours worked, up to an annual maximum of 40 hours of paid sick leave.

Employees are eligible for FMLA if they have worked for their employer for at least one year, completed a minimum of 1,250 hours over the past year, and worked at a location where the company employs 50 or more employees within 75 miles.

FMLA eligible employees are entitled to:

  • 12 working weeks of leave in any one year for a child’s birth and to care for the newborn child within one year of birth.
  • The employee may be entitled to leave for the adoption or foster care of a child and care for the newly placed child within one year of placement.
  • To care for the employee’s spouse, child, or parent who has a severe health condition.
  • A serious health condition that makes the employee unable to perform the essential functions of their job.
  • Any qualifying exigency arising out of the fact that the employee’s spouse, son, daughter, or parent is a covered military member on “covered active duty.”

Or

  • 26 working weeks of leave during a single one-year period to care for a covered servicemember with a serious injury or illness if the eligible employee is the service member’s spouse, son, daughter, parent, or next of kin (military caregiver leave).

Maternity Leave

Maternity leave may fall under FMLA (see Sick Leave).

Paternity Leave

Paternity leave may fall under FMLA (see Sick Leave).

Parental Leave

Parental leave may fall under FMLA (see Sick Leave).

Other Leave

  • Voting Leave:  Employees who are registered to vote must be allowed to take necessary time off from work as unpaid leave to vote in any municipal, county, state, or federal primary or general election.  Employees must provide reasonable notice to their employers to take time off to vote.
  • Jury Duty: Full-time employees are entitled to job-protected, paid time off from work to perform jury duty. Employees must provide a copy of the jury summons to the employer as evidence of requirement.
  • In addition to the federal law, USERRA, Alabama law provides military members with paid leave for days they are called to serve in the field, coast defense, other training, or service ordered under federal regulations governing the U.S. Reserves. The employer must pay a maximum of 168 hours per calendar year to an employee engaged in active state service.

Termination

Termination Process

Except in mass dismissals or as provided for in an employment contract or a collective bargaining agreement, U.S. law does not impose a formal notice period to terminate an individual employment relationship, and employment is stipulated “at will.” This means that either the employer or the employee may end the employment relationship without giving either notice or reason, provided it is not illegal, notable discrimination on the grounds of a category protected by law, etc., and as per the Federal Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN).

The employment contracts of executives and other highly skilled individuals often incorporate a “just cause termination” clause which mandates that the employer may only terminate the employee for “cause” and lists the permissible grounds. In such cases, the parties negotiate the foundations for a “just cause” termination.

Notice Period

In Alabama, most employees are employed “at-will,” and either party can terminate the employment relationship without notice. Payout of unused vacation time is not required by law. However, employers will generally pay an employee for unused vacation days, provided the employee gives some advanced notice of resignation. While there is no notice period, general practice is 2 weeks.

In mass dismissal cases the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN Act) must be followed, and employers must give 60 days’ notice to impacted employees.

Severance Pay

Except as otherwise provided in an employment contract or collective bargaining agreement, employers are not required to pay severance. Many employers choose to offer severance pay based on the length of employment.

Probation Period

There are no provisions in the law regarding probation or trial periods. However, it is common practice for employers to set a performance evaluation after an initially stated period of employment of 90 days.

VISA

VISA

Foreign nationals without permanent resident status or a work visa are not permitted to work in the United States. An employer seeking to hire a foreign national may file a petition with the United States Department of Homeland Security or the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for an employment visa on behalf of the prospective employee. If the petition is approved, the prospective employee must obtain a visa stamp from a United States embassy or consulate (Canadian citizens are exempt from this requirement).  To get a temporary U.S. work visa, an employer must file a petition with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). An approved petition must be part of the visa request.

The types of visas include:

  • H-1B: For applicants with a college degree hired to do specialized work. The visa is valid for three years and can be extended for an additional three years. The visa is connected to the employer that filed the petition. If there is a change of employer, the new employer must repeat the process. There are 65,000 H-1B visas available each year.
  • H-1B1: For applicants with a college degree from Chile and Singapore. The US government grants up to 1,400 visas to Chilean citizens and 5,400 from Singapore each year.
  • H-2A:  For temporary or seasonal agriculture work. It is limited to citizens of qualified countries. Usually valid for up to 1 year and can be extended to a maximum of 3 years.
  • H-2B: For temporary non-agricultural work. These visas are limited to citizens of qualified countries. Usually valid for up to 1 year and can be extended to a maximum of 3 years.
  • L: For intercompany transfers (people transferred from a foreign company to a US branch of the company). The applicant must have been employed at the company for a year before the transfer and work in a managerial level position or higher with specialized knowledge.
  • O: For people with extraordinary abilities in science, arts, education, business, or athletics.

The standard procedure is to obtain a short-term work visa and then apply for an immigrant visa after the employee has started working in the United States.

For those seeking employment-based immigrant visas:

  • E-1: Highest priority employment for those with extraordinary ability in science, arts, education, business, and athletics
  • E-2: For those with advanced degrees or exceptional ability
  • E-3: For skilled workers and professionals, as well as unskilled workers
  • E-4: Members of certain immigrant groups
  • E-5: Immigrant investors in US companies (substantial investment)

Alternatively, an employer may sponsor a potential employee’s application for permanent resident status, referred to as a “green card” if the employee can establish that the potential employee is a multinational executive or manager transferee, has unique skills, or has been offered a job in the United States. The employer must have been unable to recruit a U.S. worker who meets the position’s minimum requirements.

All employers are obligated to verify that all individuals they employ are authorized to work in the United States.

VAT

General

In the US, there are 38 states where there is a combined State and local Tax Rate.

Alabama is one of the top five states with the highest combined state and local tax rate of 9.22%  (state rate is 4.00% and local rate is 5.22%).

Version History

February 16, 2022
Employer and employee tax contributions have changed.
Stay up to date on payroll & employment law changes

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