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Payroll and Benefits Guide Rwanda

Last updated: May 16, 2023

Rwandan Franc (RWF)
Employer Taxes
Payroll Frequency
Employee Costs
Date Format
Fiscal Year
1 January- 31 December



Employer Payroll Contributions

12.80% Total Employment Cost


Social Security (RSSB) medical insurance


Social Security (RSSB) occupational hazards


Pension scheme


Social Security (RSSB) maternity leave benefits


Employee Payroll Contributions

11.30% Total Employee Cost


Social Security (RSSB) medical insurance (this is not compulsory, and the employer may subscribe for medical insurance with a private insurance company)


Pension scheme


Social Security (RSSB) maternity leave benefits


Community-based Health Insurance Scheme: local and expatriate employees are obliged to contribute 0.5% of their net salaries

Employee Income Tax


Up to 60,000 RWF


60,000,01 – 100,000 RWF


100,001 RWF and above

Employer taxes


Employee taxes


Minimum Wage


There is no national minimum wage, though the daily minimum wage is 100 RWF as stipulated in a 1973 law. In practice, employees get much higher wages. The salary applicable to each professional category is determined under a collective labor convention/agreement.




Payroll Cycle

The typical payroll cycle in Rwanda is a monthly basis.

13th Salary

There is no statutory requirement to provide a 13th salary in Rwanda.

Working Hours


With effect from January 2023, official working hours will be eight hours – from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm (excluding a one-hour lunch break). These eight working hours include a flexible hour between 8:00 am and 9:00 am, where an employee may work remotely.


All work exceeding the standard working hours per week is to be paid as overtime and is regulated by a collective labor convention/agreement.

Working Week



Paid Time Off

Employees are entitled to a minimum of 18 days of paid annual leave (increasing to 24 days for employees under the age of 18). The number of days increases in accordance with the length of service as stipulated in the employment contract and labor law.

Vacation Days
Public Holidays

Public Holidays

Public Holidays falling on weekends are usually moved to the next working as a day off in lieu.

Religious holidays determined by the lunar cycle will show as ‘tentative’ until they are confirmed nearer the date of the holiday.

Sick Days

An employee is entitled to up to six months of sickness absence per year, with three months paid and three months unpaid (evidence will need to be provided).

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to 12 weeks of paid maternity leave in Rwanda with no less than 14 days of leave prior to the due date. Maternity confirmation certificates must be provided before any maternity leave can commence.



Paternity Leave

In Rwanda a father is entitled to unpaid leave of up to four working days in one calendar year.

Parental Leave

There are no provisions in the law regarding parental leave.

Other Leave

There are no provisions in the law regarding other types of leave.


Termination Process

Employers can terminate a fix term contract by giving the following reasons – business, personal, or employee misconduct. It requires notice and a written explanation for the termination.

Notice Period

The statutory notice period in Rwanda is 15 days’ notice for employees within the first year of service, increasing to one month following the completion of one year of service.

Severance Pay

Severance pay in Rwanda is calculated in accordance with the completed length of service as follows:

  • 1 month’s salary for employees that have been in service for less than five years of service
  • 2 months’ salary for employees that have been in service for between 5 and 10 years of service
  • 3 months’ salary for employees that have been in service for between 10 and 15 years of service
  • 4 months’ salary for employees that have been in service for between 15 and 20 years of service
  • 5 months’ salary for employees that have been in service for between 20 and 25 years of service
  • 6 months’ salary for employees that have been in service for greater than 25 years of service

Probation Period
In Rwanda, probationary periods must be no longer than six months.



Expatriates may work in Rwanda, provided they have a work permit issued by the Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration.   The work permits are usually granted to foreign enterprises approved to operate in Rwanda if the applicants are key personnel. However, any enterprise may recruit any category of expatriate skilled labor if Rwandans are not available. The enterprise will be required to prove that it has conducted a labor market test and failed to get local candidates who meet the requirements.

A foreigner with a contract of employment for longer than 90 days must apply for a work permit within 15 working days from the day of entry to Rwanda. The employee may also be allowed to change employers and renew his/her work permit by informing the Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration in writing.



The standard rate of VAT in Rwanda is 18%.

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Payroll and Benefits Guide
in Rwanda

What’s covered in this guide:

  • Employer/employee contributions
  • Minimum wage
  • Working hours
  • Visa requirements

And more...

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All questions are answered by our in-house compliance department working in conjunction with our local in-country partner for this specific country

Public Holidays Calendar

Rwanda 2023
Day Date Holiday Notes
Sunday Jan-1 New Year’s Day
Monday Jan-2 Day After New Year’s Day
Tuesday Jan-3 New Year’s Holiday Day Off in Lieu
Wednesday Feb-1 Heros’ Day
Friday Apr-7 Genocide against the Tutsi Memorial Day
Friday Apr-7 Good Friday
Monday Apr-10 Easter Monday
Friday Apr-21 Festival of Breaking the Fast Tentative
Monday May-1 Worker’s Day
Thursday Jun-29 Eid El Haj Tentative
Saturday Jul-1 Independence Day
Monday Jul-3 Independence Day Day Off in Lieu
Tuesday Jul-4 Liberation Day
Friday Aug-4 Umuganura Day
Tuesday Aug-15 Assumption Day
Monday Dec-25 Christmas Day