Payroll and Benefits Guide Libya

Last updated: May 09, 2023

Libyan Dinar (LYD)
Employer Taxes
Payroll Frequency
Employee Costs
Date Format
Fiscal Year
1 January- 31 December



Employer Payroll Contributions

10.50% Total Employment Cost
10.50% Social Security


Employee Payroll Contributions

4.75%  Total Employee Cost
3.75% Social Security
1.00% Social Unity Fund


Employee Income Tax

5.00% Up to 1,000 LYD
10.00% Over 1,000 LYD

Jehad Tax

1.00% If the monthly income does not exceed 50 LYD
2.00% If the monthly income does not exceed 100 LYD
3.00% On all monthly income above 100 LYD

Employer taxes


Employee taxes


Minimum Wage


The monthly minimum wage is 450.00 LYD.




Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Libya is generally monthly, and employees are paid at least once a month.

13th Salary

There are no provisions in the law for a 13th-month salary.

Working Hours


Standard working hours within Libya are 48 hours per week, 10 hours per day.


All work more than the standard 48 hours a week is to be paid as overtime and is regulated by the employment contract or collective agreements etc. In general, maximum limits for overtime are set at 3 hours per day and paid at 150.00% of the standard salary rate.

Working Week



Paid Time Off

The annual leave entitlement in Libya is 30 working days of paid leave. The entitlement can increase to 45 working days of paid leave for employees aged 59+ who have been continuously employed for at least 20 years.

Vacation Days
Public Holidays

Public Holidays

The local government often decides to move public holidays falling on weekends to a week day as a day off in lieu.

The religious holidays are determined by the lunar cycle and will be confirmed nearer the date of the holiday.

Sick Days

The entitlement of paid sick leave is dependent on the employee’s seniority. Employees who are sick in one continuous period are eligible for 45 days of sickness, while those who are not sick in one continuous period are eligible for 60 days of sick leave per year.

To qualify for sick leave, the employee must present a valid medical certificate.

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to a maternity leave of 14 weeks, six of which are to be taken before the predicted due date and eight weeks after the birth. In multiple or complicated births, the leave entitlement is increased to 16 weeks of leave.



Paternity Leave

There are no provisions in the law for paternity leave.

Parental Leave

There are no provisions in the law for parental leave.

Other Leave

There are no additional statutory leave requirements in Libya.


Termination Process

Employers can terminate a fix term contract by giving the following reasons – business, personal or worker’s’ misconduct. It requires notice and a written explanation for the termination. If the reason is misconduct, a warning needs to be given and the employee gets a chance to explain his or hers actions.
Employers can terminate an employment agreement for the following reasons:

  • Expiration of a contract
  • Medical reasons that would prevent the employee from fulfilling their duties.
  • Conviction of a crime
  • For termination initiated by either the employee or employer- a letter of resignation or termination must be sent to the other party.

At the end of the employment term, the employer must provide a certificate that states:

  • Start and end date of the employment.
  • Type of work performed.
  • Salary information (optional)
  • Other benefits received (optional)

Notice Period

The notice period in Libya is typically 30 days for both the employee and employer.

A notice period is required if an employee’s employment contract has been terminated due to an employee’s failure to fulfil their obligations, the employer falsifying their identity, financial loss due to mistakes made by the employee in question, and safety instructions not being followed by the employee.

Taking an example of an employee that has been absent from work without justification for more than 20 days in a year or more than ten consecutive days in one period. In that case, a written warning must be issued before dismissal on the 5th consecutive day or the 10th day of absence within the year.

Severance Pay

Severance pay for Libyan nationals is not required; however, it is for ex-patriates. Ex-patriates are entitled to half a years’ salary for every year of employment up to 5 years.

Probation Period

The probation period in Libya is typically six months.



Libya is now known for its strict visa policy, and very few countries are visa-exempt. Only nationals of Algeria, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey can enter and stay without a visa.

Citizens of Jordan are granted a 30-day stay, while nationals of Turkey are allowed to remain in Libya for up to three months. All other foreigners are required to visit the nearest diplomatic mission of Libya and apply for a visa.

A Libyan work visa is granted to foreign nationals who wish to work in Libya, and working in the country without a work visa is illegal.
To get a Libya business visa, you must have an invitation letter from a company that operates in Libya or sponsorship. The company must initiate the work visa process via the Work Department in Libya.

The initial work visa is usually granted for three months, which can be renewed or extended once inside Libya.



There is no standard rate of VAT in Libya.

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Payroll and Benefits Guide
in Libya

What’s covered in this guide:

  • Employer/employee contributions
  • Minimum wage
  • Working hours
  • Visa requirements

And more...

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All questions are answered by our in-house compliance department working in conjunction with our local in-country partner for this specific country

Public Holidays Calendar

Libya 2023
Day Date Holiday Notes
Friday Feb-17 Libyan Revolution Day
Sunday Mar-19 Victory Day
Friday Apr-21 Breaking the Fast Tentative
Saturday Apr-22 Breaking the Fast Tentative
Sunday Apr-23 Breaking the Fast Tentative
Monday May-1 Labor Day
Tuesday Jun-27 Day of Arafah
Wednesday Jun-28 Feast of the Sacrifice Tentative
Thursday Jun-29 Feast of the Sacrifice Tentative
Friday Jun-30 Feast of the Sacrifice Tentative
Wednesday Jul-19 Islamic New Year's Day
Saturday Sep-16 Martyrs' Day
Wednesday Sep-27 Birth of the Prophet
Monday Oct-23 Liberation Day
Sunday Dec-24 Independence Day