Payroll and Benefits Guide Bulgaria

Last updated: May 03, 2023

Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Employer Taxes
19.32% – 20.72%
Payroll Frequency
Employee Costs
Date Format
Fiscal Year
1 January- 31 December



Employer Payroll Contributions

14.12% – 14.82%

Social Security (maximum base cap is 3,400 BGN)


Health Insurance

0.40% – 1.10%

Accident at Work & Occupational Illness Fund

19.32% – 20.72%

Total Employment Cost


Employee Payroll Contributions


Social Security (maximum base cap is 3,400 BGN)


Health Insurance


Total Employee Cost


Employee Income Tax

10.00% Flat Rate

Employer taxes


Employee taxes


Minimum Wage


The minimum wage is 780 BGN per month.




Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Bulgaria is generally monthly, with payment being made on the last working day.

13th Salary

There are no provisions in the law regarding 13th salaries.

Working Hours


The standard working hours in Bulgaria are 8 hours per day, 40 hours per week.


Work in excess of the standard workweek of 40 hours is to be paid as overtime and is regulated by employment contract or collective agreements.  In general, overtime maximum limits are set at 3 hours per day (across two consecutive days), 6 hours a week, 30 hours a month, and 150 hours per year.

Overtime hours are paid at 150% of the standard salary rate for working day hours, 175% for weekend hours overtime, and 200% for working on public holidays.

Working Week



Paid Time Off

Paid leave in Bulgaria is set in the employment contract as a minimum of 20 days paid leave a year, following completion of 4 months of employment.

Vacation Days
Public Holidays

Public Holidays

There are 12 public holidays in Bulgaria.

Sick Days

The first three days of sickness are paid for by the employer at a rate of 70% of the regular salary. From the fourth day of sickness, The National Social Security Fund takes over the payment at 80% of the regular salary rate or 90% for work-related sick leave or injury (providing the employee has completed at least six months of service or Social Security payments). All employees are entitled to claim up to 18 months of paid sick leave.

Employees must provide a medical certificate within 48 hours of the first day of sickness.

Maternity Leave

All female employees are eligible for paid maternity leave of 410 days. Typically, 45 days must be taken before the due date with the remaining days used after the birth. After the sixth month of leave, the mother can choose to transfer the remaining leave days over to the father to use instead.

Workers with at least 12 months of insurance contributions will be paid for maternity leave (temporary incapacity for work) by the National Social Insurance Institution at the rate of 90% of the average daily gross wage.

To cover the period of maternity leave and Parental leave, sick leave certificates must be provided. The first certificate is to be issued 45 days before the due date by the doctor who monitors pregnant women. A second certificate is to be issued 42 days after the birth in the hospital by the doctor who delivered the baby. A third sick note is issued for the leave period up to the 135th day by the child’s or mother’s GP. For the remaining leave entitlement period (up to a total of 410 days), the worker must request this leave from the employer. After each sickness certificate/request for leave has been submitted, the employer must submit it to the National Social Insurance Institute.

Following the end of the 410 days maternity leave, additional paid leave can be taken by the mother, or can be transferred to the father, until the child reaches the age of 2 years old. This leave can be utilized for the parents first, second and third child only. This is paid at a rate of 780 BGN per month providing the child is not in childcare such as nursery and the mother has not consented to the transfer her maternity entitlement to another eligible family member. If the child goes to a nursery during any of the Parental Leave period, the cash benefit will not be paid.



Paternity Leave

Fathers are entitled to Paternity Leave of 15 days, paid at a rate of 90% of the regular salary rate from the child’s birth. Fathers are eligible for this entitlement once they have completed at least one year of employment. Once the child reachess at least six months of age, the mother can choose to transfer any of her unused maternity leave entitlement to be used by the father.

A further 2 months of leave, paid by the National Social Security Institute, to raise a child under the age of 8 is available to the father providing he has not already taken leave to raise a child younger than two and has not used maternity leave transferred from the mother. To use this leave, the employer must be notified at least 10 days in advance.

Parental Leave

Once the child has reached the age of 2 years oldunpaid Parental Leave of up to 6 months is available to be used by each parent until the child reaches the age of 8 years old, providing the child is not in a state-maintained institution. Each parent may take up to 5 months of the other parent’s leave with his/her consent. Leave can be taken all at once or in installments of not less than 5 working days per leave period. Parents must notify their employer at least 10 working days in advance of taking this leave.

or grandparents.

Other Leave

Marriage Leave – Employees are entitled to two days of paid leave in the event of their marriage.
Bereavement Leave – Employees are also entitled to two days of leave to attend the funeral of a family member.


Termination Process

The termination process is standard in Bulgaria, based on termination reasons contained within the Bulgarian Labor Law, unless an employer can provide sufficient cause for dismissal without notice (i.e. due to misconduct).

Notice of termination must be in writing and sent to the relevant governmental authorities.

Notice Period

The statutory minimum notice period in Bulgaria is 30 days’ notice, however, it is common practice to be 90 days.

Severance Pay

In Bulgaria, severance pay is mandatory when applicable. The amount differs based on the type of termination, (i.e. termination by the employee, termination by mutual agreement, termination without cause, and with cause in an indefinite term agreement and fixed-term agreement). It is common for the severance payment to be calculated as no less than four months’ gross salary and paid within no more than seven days after the termination.

Should the cause be a company downsizing decision, redundancy payments are generally one-month payments as severance unless stipulated differently within the employment contract.

Probation Period

The probation period for permanent employees is generally three months, up to a maximum of 6 months.



Any foreigner coming to work in Bulgaria will need to apply for a Bulgaria residence permit. The main legislation governing the issuance of residence permits for foreign citizens is the Foreign Nationals in the Republic of Bulgaria Act.

The legislation establishes foreigners may apply for one of the three types of Bulgarian residence permits; Bulgarian residence visas, residence visas for foreign employees, and long-term or extended residence visas.



The standard rate in Bulgaria is 20%.

Stay up to date on payroll & employment law changes

Version History

January 17, 2023
The minimum wage is now 780 BGN per month.
April 18, 2022
The Minimum Wage increases from BGN 650 to BGN 710.
March 15, 2022
The Minimum Wage increases from BGN 650 to BGN 710.
The Maximum Social Insurance Income calculation base increases from BGN 3,000 to BGN 3,400. All workers who receive a gross monthly salary over BGN 3,400 will be obliged to pay social security contributions based on this new insurance base. Employer contributions will also be calculated on this increased salary base, meaning the monthly Employer Social Insurance contribution rate will increase from is BGN 567.60 to BGN 643.28.
January 1, 2021
Acquiring the right to use paid annual leave is reduced from 8 to 4 months for employees.

Questions & Answers

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1 year ago

Can an employer extend an employees working hours?

Erez Greenberg
Erez Greenberg
1 year ago
Reply to  Sacha

Yes, but hours can only be extended if specific guidelines are followed:

-Reduction of working hours on other working days.
-A written order is required no later than 3 working days before.
-An extension of working hours can be carried out only for employees who work on a daily basis.
-The extended working day may not last longer than 10 hours for employees with a normal working day duration of up to 8 hours. The extension of working hours is allowed for not more than 20 working days in a row and for not more than 60 working days within one calendar year.
-The extension of working hours is not allowed for employees who have not reached the age of 18 and for pregnant employees.

8 months ago

Can you tell me if Additional health insurance and food vouchers are considered additional pay or bonuses in Bulgaria?

Erez Greenberg
Erez Greenberg
7 months ago
Reply to  Dana

In Bulgaria, additional health insurance and food vouchers can be considered additional pay or bonuses, depending on the specific circumstances and the agreement between the employer and the employee.

Additional health insurance and food vouchers may be provided as a benefit by the employer as part of the overall compensation package, or they may be offered as an additional payment on top of the employee’s regular salary.

5 months ago


How is a yearly bonus taxed in Bulgaria?

Jason Howling
Jason Howling
3 months ago

Hi, If I have an employee in Bulgaria with 10 years of experience, do I need to increase their salary by 6% each year – increasing by another .6% each year?

2 months ago

So what percentage of taxes (total so no answers like 10% flat as there are more contributions) in total an employee pays monthly for a 2000 euros a month net salary?
And what is the percentage of taxes (costs) for the employer that pays that salary?

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Payroll and Benefits Guide
in Bulgaria

What’s covered in this guide:

  • Employer/employee contributions
  • Minimum wage
  • Working hours
  • Visa requirements

And more...

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Public Holidays Calendar

Bulgaria 2023
Day Date Holiday Notes
Sunday Jan-1 New Year’s Day
Monday Jan-2 New Year’s Day Day Off in Lieu
Friday Mar-3 Liberation Day
Friday Apr-7 Good Friday
Monday Apr-10 Easter Monday
Monday May-1 Labor Day
Saturday May-6 St. George’s Day
Monday May-8 St. George’s Day Day Off in Lieu
Wednesday May-24 Culture and Literacy Day
Wednesday Sep-6 Unification Day
Friday Sep-22 Independence Day
Sunday Dec-24 Christmas Eve
Monday Dec-25 Christmas Day
Tuesday Dec-26 Second day of Christmas
Wednesday Dec-27 Christmas holiday Day Off in Lieu